Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling illegal fishing and false eco-certification

Nielsen, Einar E., Cariani, Alessia, Aoidh, Eion Mac, Maes, Gregory E., Milano, Ilaria, Ogden, Rob, Taylor, Martin, Hemmer-Hansen, Jakob, Babbucci, Massimiliano, Bargelloni, Luca, Bekkevold, Dorte, Diopere, Eveline, Grenfell, Leonie, Helyar, Sarah, Limborg, Morten T., Martinsohn, Jann T., McEwing, Ross, Panitz, Frank, Patarnello, Tomaso, Tinti, Fausto, Van Houdt, Jeroen K.J., Volckaert, Filip A.M., Waples, Robin S., FishPop Trace Consortium, , and Carvalho, Gary R. (2012) Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling illegal fishing and false eco-certification. Nature Communications, 3 (5). pp. 1-6.

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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1845
 
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Abstract

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing has had a major role in the overexploitation of global fish populations. In response, international regulations have been imposed and many fisheries have been 'eco-certified' by consumer organizations, but methods for independent control of catch certificates and eco-labels are urgently needed. Here we show that, by using gene-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms, individual marine fish can be assigned back to population of origin with unprecedented high levels of precision. By applying high differentiation single nucleotide polymorphism assays, in four commercial marine fish, on a pan-European scale, we find 93–100% of individuals could be correctly assigned to origin in policy-driven case studies. We show how case-targeted single nucleotide polymorphism assays can be created and forensically validated, using a centrally maintained and publicly available database. Our results demonstrate how application of gene-associated markers will likely revolutionize origin assignment and become highly valuable tools for fighting illegal fishing and mislabelling worldwide.

Item ID: 27674
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

The following corrigendum is attached and can also be found at the link in the Related URLs field: Maes, G.E., van Vo, B., Crivelli, A.J. et al. (2013). Corrigendum: Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling illegal fishing and false eco-certification. Nature Communications.(4) Article no. 1975, p. 1.

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ISSN: 2041-1723
Funders: European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, FishPop Trace
Projects and Grants: FP7/2007-2013, KBBE 212399
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2013 01:03
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 40%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070402 Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment @ 30%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070405 Fish Physiology and Genetics @ 30%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 30%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839902 Fish Product Traceability and Quality Assurance @ 70%
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