Airborne seafood allergens as a cause of occupational allergy and asthma

Lopata, Andreas L., and Jeebhay, Mohamed F. (2013) Airborne seafood allergens as a cause of occupational allergy and asthma. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, 13 (3). pp. 288-297.

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Abstract

Occupational allergy and asthma is a serious adverse health outcome affecting seafood-processing workers. Allergic reactions are directed to two major seafood groups: fish and shellfish, with the latter group comprising crustaceans and molluscs. Several allergenic proteins have been identified in these different groups, but few have been characterised on a molecular level. Parvalbumin appears to be the major fish allergen, while tropomyosin the major crustacean allergen. Other IgE-binding proteins have also been identified in molluscs and other seafood-associated agents (e.g. Anisakis sp), although their molecular nature has not been characterised. Aerosolised allergens can be identified and quantified using immunological and chemical approaches, detecting levels as low as 10 ng/m³. This contemporary review discusses interesting and recent findings in the area of occupational seafood allergy including high-risk occupations, environmental risk factors for airborne exposures, major and minor allergens implicated and innovative approaches in diagnosing and managing occupational allergy and asthma associated with seafood processing.

Item ID: 27524
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1534-3722
Keywords: occupational, occupational allergy, asthma, allergens, seafood, airborne seafood allergens, IgE antibody
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 06:30
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110701 Allergy @ 80%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110106 Medical Biochemistry: Proteins and Peptides (incl Medical Proteomics) @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 80%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920406 Food Safety @ 20%
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