The Australian terrestrial flatworm fauna (Tricladida : Terricola)

Winsor, Leigh (1998) The Australian terrestrial flatworm fauna (Tricladida : Terricola). Pedobiologia, 42 (5-6). pp. 457-463.

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Australian terrestrial flatworms number more than 137 known species of which 70% are described. The total fauna is estimated to be in excess of 300 species. The flatworms mostly occur within hyper-humid to sub-arid moisture regions, and are assigned to two principal families. In the Rhynchodemidae: Rhynchodeminae 35 species are accommodated in Cotyloplana, Digonopyla, Dolichoplana, Platydemus, Rhynchodemus, and new genera. The 84 species in the Geoplanidae: Caenoplaninae are assigned to Artioposthia, Caenoplana, Australoplana, Parakontikia, Reomkago, Fletchamia, Lenkunya, Tasmanoplana, and new genera. There are eight introduced species. Two major flatworm faunal units are recognised in Australia. A northern element dominated by rhynchodemid genera including taxa which also occur in Papua New Guinea - Irian Jaya and Indonesia. The southern element is dominated by geoplanid genera including some with as yet poorly defined Gondwanan affinities. These flatworm faunal units broadly accord with the Torresian (northern) and with the Tasmanian, South-western and Kosciuskan (southern) zoogeographic subregions.

Item ID: 27159
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-1511
Keywords: Australia, planarian, Terricola, Caenoplaninae, Rhynchodeminae, biogeography, conservation
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Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2013 23:51
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060808 Invertebrate Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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