A play-based intervention for children with ADHD: a pilot study

Wilkes-Gillan, S., Cordier, Reinie, and Bundy, A. (2011) A play-based intervention for children with ADHD: a pilot study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58 (Supplement 1). 34704. p. 111.

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Introduction: Many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have serious social and peer difficulties that can lead to adverse outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Play provides a natural context to both explore and address those interactional problems.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve the play and social skills of children with ADHD.

Methods: Participants were children (aged 5 to 11 years) diagnosed with ADHD, age matched typically-developing playmates (n = 14/group) and parents of children with ADHD. The intervention involved seven weekly video recorded free-play sessions; video feed-forward/feedback and therapist- and peer-modelling were used to promote social play. The Test of Playfulness (ToP) was used as a pre/post test measure. Data was subjected to Rasch analysis to calculate measure scores on interval level; Cohen-d and paired sample test calculations were used to measure effect.

Results: Results revealed a large effect (d = 1.5) in the social play of children with ADHD that were targeted throughout the intervention. A t test for paired samples revealed that the children with ADHD improved in their social play (pre-test mean measure score = 41.8; post-test mean measure score = 69.2; SD = 12.7; t = 8.1; p < .01; df = 13).

Conclusion: Results support the use of play, video feedforward/feedback techniques, therapist- and peer-modelling, and parent involvement as an effective means to develop the social play skills of children with ADHD. Further larger-scale research is required to determine feasibility.

Item ID: 26897
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1440-1630
Keywords: decentering; empathy; peer-modelling; social problems; video self-modelling
Additional Information:

Abstract Only. Part of the article titled "Friday 1st July oral presentations" (p.105-140)

Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 06:57
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920413 Social Structure and Health @ 50%
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