A play-based intervention for children with ADHD: a pilot study

Wilkes, Sarah, Cordier, Reinie, Bundy, Anita, Docking, Kimberley, and Munro, Natalie (2011) A play-based intervention for children with ADHD: a pilot study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58 (4). pp. 231-240.

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Abstract

Introduction:  Many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have serious social and peer difficulties that can lead to adverse outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. To date, psychosocial treatments have produced poor outcomes in reducing social impairments commonly associated with ADHD. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of a new intervention designed to improve the play and social skills of children with ADHD and their playmates within the natural context of play.

Methods:  Participants included children (aged 5–11 years) diagnosed with ADHD, age-matched typically developing playmates (n = 14/group) and parents of children with ADHD. The intervention involved seven weekly video-recorded free-play sessions; video feed-forward/feedback and therapist- and peer-modelling were used to promote social play. The Test of Playfulness was used as a pre-/post-test measure. Data were subjected to Rasch analysis to calculate measure scores on interval level; dependant sample t-test and Cohen-d calculations were used to measure effect.

Results:  A dependant samples t-test revealed that both children with ADHD (t = 8.1; d.f. = 13; P < 0.01) and their playmates (t = 6.9; d.f. = 13; P < 0.01) improved in their social play. Results demonstrated a large effect in improving the social play of children with ADHD (d = 1.5) and their playmates (d = 1.3).

Discussion:  Results support the use of play, video feed-forward/feedback techniques, therapist- and peer-modelling and parent involvement as an effective means to develop the social play skills of children with ADHD. Further larger-scale research is required.

Item ID: 26055
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-1630
Keywords: decentering; empathy; peer-modelling; social problems; video self-modelling
Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 06:44
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920413 Social Structure and Health @ 50%
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