Endogenous retroviral elements in the canine genome

Squires, R.A., Gorman, N.T., and Onions, D.E. (1989) Endogenous retroviral elements in the canine genome. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 3 (2). p. 127.

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Defective endogenous retroviral elements have recently been found in a canine lymphosarcoma (LSA) cell line and we have characterized these by DNA sequencing. This study was designed to determine if similar elements are present in naturally-occurring canine LSAs or in normal canine DNA. Two probes were prepared by sub-cloning sequences from the 5' and 3' ends of the canine endogenous retroviralpol gene. Probes were chosen from areas sharing at least 60% homology and complete colinearity with AKV murine leukemia virus. High molecular weight genomic DNA was prepared from a variety of canine tissues: 12 samples were from LSA lymph nodes, 2 from lymphoblasts in cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 7 from normal kidney. Genomic DNA was digested with restriction endonucleases and fragments were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis. Southern transfer and hybridization under stringent conditions with the canine retroviral probes revealed numerous retroviral bands. The pattern of bands was identical for all tissues examined. Similar treatment of DNA from the original LSA cell Line from which the probes were derived produced an identical pattern of bands.

In summary, canine DNA has been shown to contain multiple copies of endogenous retroviral elements. No difference in the pattern of proviral bands has been observed between normal and LSA tissues, so no etiological significance can yet be ascribed to these elements. Further studies are in progress to determine whether any of these elements erpress themselves at the RNA or protein level.

Item ID: 26130
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1939-1676
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Abstracts Presented at the 7th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, San Diego, California, May 25, 1989

Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 01:28
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