Cyclization of the antimicrobial peptide gomesin with native chemical ligation: influences on stability and bioactivity

Chan, Lai Yue, Zhang, Veronica M., Huang, Yen-hua, Waters, Norman C., Bansal, Paramjit S., Craik, David J., and Daly, Norelle L. (2013) Cyclization of the antimicrobial peptide gomesin with native chemical ligation: influences on stability and bioactivity. ChemBioChem, 14 (5). pp. 617-624.

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Abstract

Gomesin is an 18-residue peptide originally isolated from the hemocytes of the Brazilian spider Acanthoscurria gomesiana. A broad spectrum of bioactivities have been attributed to gomesin, including in vivo and in vitro cytotoxicity against tumour cells, antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-Leishmania and antimalarial effects. Given the potential therapeutic applications of gomesin, it was of interest to determine if an engineered version with a cyclic backbone has improved stability and bioactivity. Cyclization has been shown to confer enhanced stability and activity to a range of bioactive peptides and, in the case of a cone snail venom peptide, confer oral activity in a pain model. The current study demonstrates that cyclization improves the in vitro stability of gomesin over a 24 hour time period and enhances cytotoxicity against a cancer cell line without being toxic to a noncancerous cell line. In addition, antimalarial activity is enhanced upon cyclization. These findings provide additional insight into the influences of backbone cyclization on the therapeutic potential of peptides.

Item ID: 25815
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1439-7633
Funders: Queensland Government, Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2013 05:53
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110106 Medical Biochemistry: Proteins and Peptides (incl Medical Proteomics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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