Reinforcement drives rapid allopatric speciation

Hoskin, Conrad J., Higgie, Megan, McDonald, Keith R., and Moritz, Craig (2005) Reinforcement drives rapid allopatric speciation. Nature, 437. pp. 1353-1356.

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Abstract

Allopatric speciation results from geographic isolation between populations. In the absence of gene flow, reproductive isolation arises gradually and incidentally as a result of mutation, genetic drift and the indirect effects of natural selection driving local adaptation ^1, 2, 3. In contrast, speciation by reinforcement is driven directly by natural selection against maladaptive hybridization ^1, 4. This gives individuals that choose the traits of their own lineage greater fitness, potentially leading to rapid speciation between the lineages ^1, 4. Reinforcing natural selection on a population of one of the lineages in a mosaic contact zone could also result in divergence of the population from the allopatric range of its own lineage outside the zone ^4, 5, 6. Here we test this with molecular data, experimental crosses, field measurements and mate choice experiments in a mosaic contact zone between two lineages of a rainforest frog. We show that reinforcing natural selection has resulted in significant premating isolation of a population in the contact zone not only from the other lineage but also, incidentally, from the closely related main range of its own lineage. Thus we show the potential for reinforcement to drive rapid allopatric speciation.

Item ID: 24298
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-4687
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2013 22:09
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060311 Speciation and Extinction @ 70%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060303 Biological Adaptation @ 20%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 10%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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