Spatial variation in life history reveals insight into connectivity and geographic population structure of a tropical estuarine teleost: king threadfin, Polydactylus macrochir

Moore, Bradley R., Simpfendorfer, Colin A., Newman, Stephen J., Stapley, Jason M., Allsop, Quentin, Sellin, Michelle J., and Welch, David J. (2012) Spatial variation in life history reveals insight into connectivity and geographic population structure of a tropical estuarine teleost: king threadfin, Polydactylus macrochir. Fisheries Research, 125-126. pp. 214-224.

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Abstract

Understanding the lifehistory of exploited fish species is not only critical in developing stock assessments and productivity models, but has a dual function in the delineation of connectivity and geographical populationstructure. In this study, patterns in growth and length and age at sex change of Polydactylusmacrochir, an ecologically and economically important protandrous estuarine teleost, were examined to provide preliminary information on the species' connectivity and geographicstructure across northern Australia. Considerable variation in lifehistory parameters was observed among the 18 locations sampled. Both unconstrained and constrained (t0 = 0) estimates of von Bertalanffy growth function parameters differed significantly among all neighbouring locations with the exception of two locations in Queensland's east coast and two in Queensland's Gulf of Carpentaria waters, respectively. Comparisons of back-calculated length-at-age 2 provided additional evidence for growth differences among some locations, but were not significantly different among locations in the south-eastern Gulf of Carpentaria or on Queensland's east coast. The length and age at sex change differed markedly among locations, with fish from the east coast of Australia changing sex from males to females at significantly greater lengths and ages than elsewhere. Sex change occurred earliest at locations within Queensland's Gulf of Carpentaria, where a large proportion of small, young females were recorded. The observed differences suggest that P. macrochir likely form a number of geographically and/or reproductively distinct groups in Australian waters and suggest that future studies examining connectivity and geographicpopulationstructure of estuarine fishes will likely benefit from the inclusion of comparisons of lifehistory parameters.

Item ID: 23246
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-6763
Keywords: life history; demography; age; growth; sex change; stock structure; fisheries management; Polynemidae; Australia
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2012 13:14
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070402 Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 100%
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