A novel, fully implantable, multichannel biotelemetry system for measurement of blood flow, pressure, ECG, and temperature

Axelsson, M., Dang, Q., Pitsillides, K., Munns, S., Hicks, J., and Kassab, G.S. (2007) A novel, fully implantable, multichannel biotelemetry system for measurement of blood flow, pressure, ECG, and temperature. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102 (3). pp. 1220-1228.

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Abstract

Biotelemetry provides high-quality data in awake, free-ranging animals without the effects of anesthesia and surgery. Although many biological parameters can be measured using biotelemetry, simultaneous telemetric measurements of pressure and flow have not been available. The objective of this study was to evaluate simultaneous measurements of blood flow, pressure, ECG, and temperature in a fully implantable system. This novel system allows the measurement of up to four channels of blood flow, up to three channels of pressure, and a single channel each of ECG and temperature. The system includes a bidirectional radio-frequency link that allows the implant to send data and accept commands to perform various tasks. The system is controlled by a base station decoder/controller that decodes the data stream sent by the implant into analog signals. The system also converts the data into a digital data stream that can be sent via ethernet to a remote computer for storage and/or analysis. The system was chronically implanted in swine and alligators for up to 5 wk. Both bench and in vivo animal tests were performed to evaluate system performance. Results show that this biotelemetry system is capable of long-term accurate monitoring of simultaneous blood flow and pressure. The system allows, within the room, recordings, since the implant transmission range is between 6 and 10 m, and, with a relay, backpack transmission distance of up to 500 m can be achieved. This system will have significant utility in chronic models of cardiovascular physiology and pathology.

Item ID: 2211
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1522-1601
Keywords: chronic measurements; Doppler flow; telemetry; swine; alligator
Date Deposited: 21 May 2009 06:52
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090399 Biomedical Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 80%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0606 Physiology > 060604 Comparative Physiology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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