Accommodating dynamic oceanographic processes and pelagic biodiversity in marine conservation planning

Grantham, Hedley, Game, Edward, Lombard, Amanda, Hobday, Alistair, Richardson, Anthony, Beckley, Lynnath, Pressey, Robert L., Huggett, Jenny A., Coetzee, Janet C., van der Lingen, Carl D., Petersen, Samantha L., Merkle, Dagmar, and Possingham, Hugh (2011) Accommodating dynamic oceanographic processes and pelagic biodiversity in marine conservation planning. PLoS ONE, 6 (2). e16552-e16552.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (939kB)
View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0...
 
46
177


Abstract

Pelagic ecosystems support a significant and vital component of the ocean's productivity and biodiversity. They are also heavily exploited and, as a result, are the focus of numerous spatial planning initiatives. Over the past decade, there has been increasing enthusiasm for protected areas as a tool for pelagic conservation, however, few have been implemented. Here we demonstrate an approach to plan protected areas that address the physical and biological dynamics typical of the pelagic realm. Specifically, we provide an example of an approach to planning protected areas that integrates pelagic and benthic conservation in the southern Benguela and Agulhas Bank ecosystems off South Africa. Our aim was to represent species of importance to fisheries and species of conservation concern within protected areas. In addition to representation, we ensured that protected areas were designed to consider pelagic dynamics, characterized from time-series data on key oceanographic processes, together with data on the abundance of small pelagic fishes. We found that, to have the highest likelihood of reaching conservation targets, protected area selection should be based on time-specific data rather than data averaged across time. More generally, we argue that innovative methods are needed to conserve ephemeral and dynamic pelagic biodiversity.

Item ID: 20738
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Additional Information:

Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org)

Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2012 23:44
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 177
Last 12 Months: 20
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page