Role of socioeconomic factors in coral reef protection and management

Alcala, C., and Russ, G.R. (2002) Role of socioeconomic factors in coral reef protection and management. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Coral Reef Symposium (1), pp. 29-32. From: 9th International Coral Reef Symposium: World Coral Reefs in the New Millenium, 23-27 October 2000, Bali, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Coral reefs are now under severe stress from both natural and human-induced environmental changes causing considerable damage. Many of the human activities directly or indirectly impacting coral reefs are driven by socioeconomic factors. Foremost among these factors are poverty and rapid population growth. In developing countries the need for sources of subsistence living, of livelihood, and of income from tourism and exploitation of economically important species such as fish is great. As a result, coral reefs have been mined, blasted, poisoned, overfished or otherwise subjected to misuse and abuse. There must be a way to utilize socioeconomic benefits from coral reefs as incentive or motivation for the protection and sustainable management of coral reefs. To do this, successful approaches to conservation such as establishment of network of marine reserves and community-based coastal resource management that will ensure reserve protection by present and future generations, as well as other useful management tools, should be applied in restoring coral reef ecosystems. Indeed, experience indicates that such approaches may be our last option to stop the degradation of coral reefs and coral reef resources heavily impacted by man.

Item ID: 14662
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: fishery enhancement effects; human-induced stresses; marine protected areas; socioeconomic values
ISBN: 979-8105-97-4
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2017 22:22
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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