Mitochondrial gene content, arrangement and composition compared in African and Asian schistosomes

Le, Thanh H., Humair, Pierre-Francois, Blair, David, Agatsuma, Takeshi, Littlewood, David T.J., and McManus, Donald P. (2001) Mitochondrial gene content, arrangement and composition compared in African and Asian schistosomes. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 117 (1). pp. 61-71.

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Abstract

Complete sequences were obtained for the coding portions of the mitochondrial (mt) genomes of Schistosoma mansoni (NMRI strain, Puerto Rico; 14 415 bp), S. japonicum (Anhui strain, China; 14 085 bp) and S. mekongi (Khong Island, Laos; 14 072 bp). Each comprises 36 genes: 12 protein-encoding genes (cox1–3, nad1–6, nad4L, atp6 and cob); two ribosomal RNAs, rrnL (large subunit rRNA or 16S) and rrnS (small subunit rRNA or 12S); as well as 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes. The atp8 gene is absent. A large segment (9.6 kb) of the coding region (comprising 14 tRNAs, eight complete and two incomplete protein-encoding genes) for S. malayensis (Baling, Malaysian Peninsula) was also obtained. Each genome also possesses a long non-coding region that is divided into two parts (a small and a large non-coding region, the latter not fully sequenced in any species) by one or more tRNAs. The protein-encoding genes are similar in size, composition and codon usage in all species except for cox1 in S. mansoni (609 aa) and cox2 in S. mekongi (219 aa), both of which are longer than homologues in other species. An unexpected finding in all the Schistosoma species was the presence of a leucine zipper motif in the nad4L gene. The gene order in S. mansoni is strikingly different from that seen in the S. japonicum group and other flatworms. There is a high level of identity (87–94% at both the nucleotide and amino acid levels) for all protein-encoding genes of S. mekongi and S. malayensis. The identity between genes of these two species and those of S. japonicum is less (56–83% for amino acids and 73–79% for nucleotides). The identity between the genes of S. mansoni and the Asian schistosomes is far less (33–66% for amino acids and 54–68% for nucleotides), an observation consistent with the known phylogenetic distance between S. mansoni and the other species.

Item ID: 13345
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9428
Keywords: mitochondrial DNA; mitochondrial gene order; mitochondrial genome; parasitic flatworms; schistosomes
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2012 06:20
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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