ITS-1 ribosomal DNA sequence variants are maintained in different species and strains of Echinococcus

Van Herwerden, Lynne, Gasser, Robin B., and Blair, David (2000) ITS-1 ribosomal DNA sequence variants are maintained in different species and strains of Echinococcus. International Journal for Parasitology, 30 (2). pp. 157-169.

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Abstract

This study investigated sequence heterogeneity in the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of ribosomal DNA within and among species and strains of Echinococcus. Different ITS-1 sequence variants exist in Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, which represent at least four evolutionary lineages: (1) a sheep strain-lineage of E. granulosus, (2) a sister lineage of a cervid and camel E. granulosus ITS-1 variants, (3) a lineage including the ITS-1 variants representing horse, bovine and camel strains of E. granulosus, as well as variants from E. multilocularis, Echinococcus oligarthrus and Echinococcus vogeli and (4) a distinct lineage of ITS-1 variants including E. granulosus strains from sheep and cervid, and E. multilocularis. At least two of the species (E. granulosus and E. multilocularis) were paraphyletic for ITS-1. Divergent ITS-1 variants from these two species shared distinct evolutionary lineages. The sequence data provided evidence that at least two turnover mechanisms, namely slippage and unequal crossing over/transposition, have led to the divergence and maintenance of sequence variants in Echinococcus species and strains.

Item ID: 12885
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: concerted evolution; DNA turnover; Echinococcus; heterogeneity; ITS-1; ribosomal DNA
ISSN: 1879-0135
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2010 01:03
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060407 Genome Structure and Regulation @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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