On having and being: the humanism of Erich Fromm

Lankshear, Colin (2003) On having and being: the humanism of Erich Fromm. In: Peters, Michael, Lankshear, Colin, and Olssen, Mark, (eds.) Critical Theory and the Human Condition: founders and praxis. Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education, 168 . Peter Lang Publishing, New York, USA, pp. 54-66.

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Erich Fromm was born in Frankfurt am Main in 1900 into an orthodox Jewish family. He practiced the faith of his parents until he was 26. Fromm studied the Old Testament closely as a young man and studied the Talmud with rabbis in Frankfurt and Heidelberg prior to and during his university years. As a university student he studied jurisprudence, philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and sociology, completing his doctoral study on the sociopsychological structure of three Jewish Diaspora communities in 1922 (Funk, 2000). His reading of Marx resonated with his strong interest in the radical humanism he found in the messianic vision of the Old Testament: prophets Amos, Isaiah, and Hosea (ibid.). After completing his doctorate he further studied psychiatry and psychology in Munich and during 1928 to 1930 was trained in psychoanalysis in Munich and Berlin.

Shortly after cofounding the South German Institute for Psychoanalysis in Frankfurt in 1930, Fromm joined the Institute for Social Research at Frankfurt University, from which the "Frankfurt School" of critical theory emerged. Recognizing Fromm's expertise in psychoanalysis, Max Horkheimer invited Fromm to membership in the Institute's four-member core group and to become a life associate. Fromm accepted and worked with the school in its German, Swiss, and U.S. incarnations until 1939, when he parted-following attacks by Horkheimer and Marcuse on his particular appropriation of Freud.

Item ID: 11575
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-8204-5168-8
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Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2010 00:37
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130399 Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified @ 80%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160899 Sociology not elsewhere classified @ 20%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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