Polyurethane seismic streamer skins: an application of cold spray metal embedment
Vucko, M.J., King, P.C, Poole, A.J., Jahedi, M.Z, and De Nys, R. (2013) Polyurethane seismic streamer skins: an application of cold spray metal embedment. Biofouling, 29 (1). pp. 1-9.
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Cold spray metal embedment is an innovative antifouling (AF) technology that delivers metal particles with AF properties into many thermoplastic polymers. AF efficacy was quantified for low (22.1 ± 4.8 g m⁻2) and high (101.1 ± 10.8 g m⁻2) densities of copper particles embedded into polyurethane (PU) seismic streamer skins, which are used in geophysical exploration. Failure of each Cu-embedded treatment was defined as settlement of hard foulers. Low-density streamers failed after 42 days while high-density streamers failed after 210 days. Most importantly, the high-density streamers were completely free of hard foulers including the barnacle Amphibalanus reticulatus during this time period. In conclusion, cold-spray metal embedment is an effective AF technology for PU seismic streamer skins, under intense fouling conditions. Higher copper particle densities enhance AF longevity and the effect of density provides a tool to extend efficacy and enhance AF performance for specific polymers.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||antifouling; biofouling; cold spray metals; copper; thermoplastic polymers|
|Date Deposited:||30 Nov 2012 02:13|
|FoR Codes:||06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091207 Metals and Alloy Materials @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||86 MANUFACTURING > 8613 Transport Equipment > 861303 Nautical Equipment (excl. Yachts) @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||