Neurochemical classification and projection targets of CART peptide immunoreactive neurons in sensory and parasympathetic ganglia of the head

Ivanusic, Jason J., Goulding, Kate E., Kwok, Matthew M.K., and Jennings, Ernest A. (2012) Neurochemical classification and projection targets of CART peptide immunoreactive neurons in sensory and parasympathetic ganglia of the head. Neuropeptides, 46 (1). pp. 55-60.

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Abstract

The aims of the present study were to determine if there is neuronal Cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcripts (CART) peptide expression (CART+) in parasympathetic (sphenopalatine (SPG); otic (OG)) and sensory (trigeminal (TG)) ganglia of the head and to examine the neurochemical phenotype (calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), neurofilament 200 (NF200), isolectin B4 (IB4) binding, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and enkephalin (ENK) immunoreactivity) and projection targets (lacrimal gland (LG), parotid gland (PG), nasal mucosa (NM), temporomandibular joint (TMJ), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and middle meningeal artery (MMA)) of CART expressing neurons in these ganglia. We found CART+ neurons in both the SPG (5.25 ± 0.07%) and OG (4.32 ± 0.66). A significant proportion of these CART+ neurons contained VIP, NPY or ENK (34%, 26% and 11%, respectively). SPG neurons retrogradely labelled from the lacrimal gland (29%) were CART+, but we were unable to demonstrate CART+ labelling in any of the SPG or OG neurons labelled from other targets. This supports a role for CART peptides in lacrimation or regulation of vascular tone in the lacrimal gland, but not in salivation or nasal congestion. CART+ neurons were also present in the trigeminal ganglion (1.26 ± 0.38%), where their size distribution was confined almost completely to neurons smaller than 800 μm2 (mean = 410 μm2; 98% < 800 μm2), and were almost always CGRP+, but did not bind IB4. This is consistent with a role for CART peptides in trigeminal pain. However, there were few CART+ neurons amongst any of the trigeminal neurons retrogradely labelled from the targets we investigated and thus we cannot comment on the tissue type where such pain may have originated. Our study shows that some specialization of CART peptide expression (based on neurochemical phenotype and target projection) is evident in sensory and parasympathetic ganglia of the head.

Item ID: 21849
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: CART, CGRP, sphenopalatine ganglion, otic ganglion, trigeminal, lacrimation
ISSN: 1532-2785
Date Deposited: 09 May 2012 05:45
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060105 Cell Neurochemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
Downloads: Total: 2
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