Development and validation of an ELISA for detecting antibodies to Eimeria tenella in chickens

Constantinoiu, C.C., Molloy, J.B., Jorgensen, W.K., and Coleman, G.T. (2007) Development and validation of an ELISA for detecting antibodies to Eimeria tenella in chickens. Veterinary Parasitology, 150 (4). pp. 306-313.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop and validate an ELISA for detecting chicken antibodies to Eimeria tenella. An initial comparison of merozoite and sporozoite antigen preparations revealed few differences in their ability to monitor the onset, kinetics and magnitude of the antibody response suggesting that both antigens would be equally useful for development of an ELISA. Furthermore the cross-reactivity of these antigens with sera from birds infected with chicken Eimeria species was similar. The merozoite antigen was selected for further evaluation because it was easier to prepare. Discrimination between sera from birds experimentally infected with E. tenella and birds maintained in an Eimeria-free isolation facility was excellent. In sera collected from free-range layers and commercial broilers there also appeared to be clear discrimination between infected and uninfected birds. The ELISA should prove useful for monitoring infectivity in vaccination programmes in layer and breeder flocks and for assessing the effectiveness of biosecurity measures in broiler flocks.

Item ID: 9797
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2550
Keywords: ELISA; Eimeria; chickens; Sporozoites; Merozoites; antibodies
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2010 06:13
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070705 Veterinary Immunology @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8609 Veterinary Pharmaceutical Products > 860902 Veterinary Diagnostics @ 100%
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