High-level expression of Dok-1 in neurons of the primate prefrontal cortex and hippocampus

Smith, A., Wang, J., Cheng, C.M., Weickert, C.S., and Bondy, C.A. (2004) High-level expression of Dok-1 in neurons of the primate prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 75 (2). pp. 218-224.

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The docking protein p62Dok-1 (Dok-1) has a central role in cell signaling mediated by a wide range of protein tyrosine kinases, including intrinsic membrane kinases, such as the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptor. To elucidate potential IGF signaling mechanisms, we used DNA array technology to investigate novel kinase targets expressed in the primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Dok-1 transcripts were among the most abundant found in this structure. Because Dok-1 expression has not been characterized in brain, we evaluated its expression pattern using immunoblotting, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry in the rhesus monkey prefrontal cortex and hippocampal formation. Dok-1 antibodies identified a 62-kDa band in lysates from the DLPFC, consistent with the known size for Dok-1. In situ hybridization showed that Dok-1 mRNA was expressed in all layers of the DLPFC and in all neuronal subregions of the hippocampal formation. Immunohistochemical analysis showed Dok-1 immunoreactivity concentrated in pyramidal neurons of cortical layers IV-V and throughout Ammon's horn and in granule neurons of the dentate gyrus. Dok-1 expression was also identified in endothelial cells of cerebral blood vessels. These expression patterns are very similar to those of the IGF-1 receptor and suggest that Dok-1 could be among the downstream targets of IGF signaling in areas of the primate brain involved in learning and memory.

Item ID: 9681
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-4547
Keywords: prefrontal cortex; neuron; IGF1 receptor; hippocampus; pyramidal neuron; rhesus monkey
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 03:54
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 100%
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