Ovarian follicular development and hormone concentrations in inseminated dairy cows with resynchronized estrous cycles

Cavalieri, J., Smart, V.M., Hepworth, G., Ryan, M., and Macmillan, K.L. (2008) Ovarian follicular development and hormone concentrations in inseminated dairy cows with resynchronized estrous cycles. Theriogenology, 70 (6). pp. 946-955.

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Abstract

The objective was to investigate ovarian follicular development and hormone concentrations in previously inseminated cows with estrous cycles resynchronized with various resynchronization treatments. Lactating dairy cows were treated with a previously used intravaginal progesterone releasing device (IVD) for 7d (EB+IVD 7+EB, n=15) or 8d (EB+IVD 8+EB, n=16), starting 13d (Day 13) after a first estrus (Day 0) and AI. Estradiol benzoate (EB; 1mgim) was given at device insertion and 24h after removal. Other cows were given the same treatment as the EB+IVD 8+EB cows, but were not treated with EB at IVD insertion (IVD 8+EB, n=11). There were no differences (P>0.05) between EB+IVD 7+EB and EB+IVD 8+EB treatments for follicle dynamics and plasma progesterone concentrations during treatment. Based on a comparison between the IVD 8+EB treated cows and the pooled results of the EB+IVD 7+EB and EB+IVD 8+EB treated cows, EB at device insertion increased the number of follicular waves between Days 13 and 20 (mean±S.E.M.; 2.3±0.14 vs 2.7±0.10, P=0.033), delayed emergence of follicles that were dominant or emerging on Day 20 (17.2±0.36 vs 14.1±0.65d, P<0.001), reduced diameters of dominant or emerging follicles on Day 20 (9.0±0.58 vs 12.7±0.59, P<0.001), and reduced plasma progesterone concentrations by 0.85±0.44ng/mL (P=0.059) during treatment. Furthermore, comparison of the IVD 8+EB to the EB+IVD 8+EB treated cows demonstrated that treatment with EB at device insertion also reduced the diameter of ovulatory follicles (14.2±0.58 vs 19.0±0.71mm, P=0.001), delayed emergence of ovulatory follicles (17.0±0.32 vs 13.5±1.26, P=0.020), and reduced the interval from emergence to ovulation (7.0±0.32 vs 10.5±1.26d, P=0.020). We concluded that administration of EB altered ovarian follicular dynamics and tended to reduce plasma progesterone concentrations during treatment with an IVD that was used to resynchronize estrous cycles. However, use of a 7-d compared to an 8-day treatment with an IVD did not significantly affect follicle dynamics nor plasma progesterone concentrations during treatment.

Item ID: 9574
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0093-691X
Keywords: resynchronization; estrus; Estradiol benzoate; Progesterone; ultrasonography
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2010 00:35
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070206 Animal Reproduction @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 100%
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