Validation of additional domains in activities of daily living, culturally appropriate for Muslims

Margolis, Stephen A., Carter, Tom, Dunn, Earl V., and Reed, Richard L. (2003) Validation of additional domains in activities of daily living, culturally appropriate for Muslims. Gerontology, 49 (1). pp. 61-65.

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Background: Measurement of activities of daily living (ADL) is an integral part of geriatric care. Prayer is a central part of the life of practicing Muslims.

Objectives: To validate additional domains of ADL based on the functional capacity of Muslims to perform prayer, a culturally appropriate measure for those practicing the Islamic faith.

Methods: Functional capacity was measured using 2 scales: an 8-domain scale (ADL-8) and a 3-component domain scale assessing the key components of Islamic prayer: washing for prayer, physical motion during prayer and the words spoken. A randomly selected sample of 132 community-based practicing Muslim people from Arabic-speaking countries, aged 65+ years were assessed. Results: The mean age B standard deviation was 72.6 +/- 7.0 with a female to male ratio of 0.97. The correlation between the summation scores for the prayer ADL and the ADL-8 was r = 0.922 (p<0.001), while correlation with prayer ADL and each of the 8 components in the ADL-8 ranged from r = 0.806 (p<0.001) to r = 0.906 (p<0.001). There was a high level of construct validity with the reliability coefficient for the 3 components of the prayer ADL being 0.933 with a standardized item a of 0.935, with a range of 0.746–0.896 for the subscales.

Conclusion: The prayer ADL domains provide an additional valid, short, simple and culturally orientated functional assessment for those of the Islamic faith.

Item ID: 9445
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1423-0003
Keywords: activities of daily living; Muslim; prayer and culture
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Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2010 01:22
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110308 Geriatrics and Gerontology @ 50%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169999 Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing @ 50%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9504 Religion and Ethics > 950404 Religion and Society @ 50%
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