Typological dimensions in word-formation

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (2007) Typological dimensions in word-formation. In: Shopen, Timothy, (ed.) Language Typology and Syntactic Description. Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, 3 . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 1-65.

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This chapter deals with patterns of word-formation, their classification and parameters of cross-linguistic variation. Grammatical words (section 1) in most languages have an internal structure; the typological parameter which account for their cross-linguistic variation are discussed in section 2. Word-formation processes correlate with syntax in different ways depending on language type. One such word-formation process - known as 'the most nearly syntactic of all' (Mithun (1984)) is noun incorporation, discussed in section 3.

The structure of words in a language can be more or less iconically motivated (see section 4). Word-formation, traditionally, falls into compounding and derivation. A compound consists of morphemes which could be free (see section 5), while derivation involves the use of different classes of bound morphems and of morphological processes to form words (see section 6). Word-formation processes vary in terms of their productivity - see section 7. Word-formation processes are prone to distinct patterns of grammaticalizalion and lexicalization - see section 8. A brief summary is given in section 9, and in section 10 I provide suggestions for field workers describing word-formation in previously undocumented or poorly documented languages.

Item ID: 9324
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISSN: 978-0-521-58855-3
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2010 03:00
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200407 Lexicography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture @ 100%
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