Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ligands reduce aortic dilatation in a mouse model of aortic aneurysm

Golledge, Jonathan, Cullen, Bradford, Rush, Catherine, Moran, Corey S., Secomb, Emma, Wood, Frances, Daugherty, Alan, Campbell, Julie H., and Norman, Paul E. (2010) Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ligands reduce aortic dilatation in a mouse model of aortic aneurysm. Atherosclerosis, 210 (1). 51 -56 .

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Objective: Osteopontin (OPN) is associated with human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and in vitro studies suggest that this cytokine is downregulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligation. We examined the effect of two PPAR ligands within a mouse model of aortic aneurysm.

Methods: At 11 weeks of age apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE−/−) mice were given pioglitazone (n = 27), fenofibrate (n = 27) or vehicle (n = 27) in their drinking water. From 13 weeks of age mice received angiotensin II (1 μg/kg/min) infusion via subcutaneous pumps until death or 17 weeks when the aortas were harvested and maximum aortic diameters were recorded. Suprarenal aortic segments were assessed for OPN concentration and macrophage accumulation. Saline infused mice served as negative controls (n = 22).

Results: Angiotensin II induced marked dilatation in the suprarenal aorta (>2-fold increase compared to controls) associated with upregulation of the cytokines OPN and macrophage infiltration. Suprarenal aortic expansion was significantly reduced by administration of pioglitazone (mean diameter 1.61 ± 0.11 mm, p = 0.011) and fenofibrate (mean diameter 1.51 ± 0.13 mm, p = 0.001) compared to the vehicle control group (mean diameter 2.10 ± 0.14 mm). Immunostaining for macrophages was reduced in mice treated with pioglitazone (median staining area 6.2%, interquartile range 4.1–7.2, p < 0.001) and fenofibrate (median staining area 4.0%, interquartile range 2.2–6.1, p < 0.001) compared to mice receiving vehicle control (median staining area 13.2%, interquartile range 8.4–20.0).

Conclusion: These findings suggest the potential value of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ligation as a therapy for human AAAs.

Item ID: 9323
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-1484
Keywords: aortic aneurysm; medication; treatment
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2010 22:51
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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