Effects of tank colour on larval survival and development of mud crab Scylla serrata (Forskal)

Rabbani, Abed Golam, and Zeng, Chaoshu (2005) Effects of tank colour on larval survival and development of mud crab Scylla serrata (Forskal). Aquaculture Research, 36 (11). pp. 1112-1119.

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Abstract

Hatchery culture of mud crabs has not yet achieved commercial viability despite decades of research efforts. Further research is therefore needed to better understand larval culture requirements of the crab. Based on anecdotal observations, an experiment was carried out to test whether the background colour of the culture vessel affected larval culture success. Newly hatched larvae of Scylla serrata were reared in culture vessels of five colours, i.e., black, dark green, maroon, sky blue and white. Larval survival and development were monitored daily until all of them either moulted to the first crab stage or died. The results showed clear effects of background colour on larval survival. A general tendency of higher larval survival in darker-coloured backgrounds was evident. In particular, overall zoeal survival for larvae reared in black vessels was significantly higher than those reared in white ones. Background colour also appeared to affect larval development. Larvae reared in darker backgrounds generally had shorter development times and more synchronized moulting. A significant delay in zoeal development was observed in larvae reared in white vessels. Dark backgrounds possibly facilitated more efficient feeding, reduced settlement of larvae at the bottom of the vessels as well as minimized stress. This result appears to be the first to demonstrate that background colour can significantly affect larval survival and development of a crustacean species.

Item ID: 930
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2109
Keywords: Mud crab, Scylla serrata, Background colour, Larval survival, Larval development
Additional Information:

Copyright 2005 Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com

Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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