Diet particle size preference and optimal ration for mud crab, Scylla serrata, larvae fed microbound diets

Genodepa, Jerome, Southgate, Paul C., and Zeng, Chaoshu (2004) Diet particle size preference and optimal ration for mud crab, Scylla serrata, larvae fed microbound diets. Aquaculture, 230 (1-4). pp. 493-505.

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Abstract

This paper reports on experiments to determine particle size preference and optimal ration for the various larval stages of the mud crab, Scylla serrata, fed microbound diets (MBD). All experiments used 14C-labelled rotifers as components of MBD, and ingestion was determined by assessing the 14C content of S. serrata larvae after feeding on the MBD. Five size ranges of MBD (<150, 150–250, 250–400, 400–600 and 600–800 μm) were used to assess ingestion by Zoea I, Zoea III, Zoea V and Megalopa. All were fed a ration equivalent to twice the equivalent dry weight of live foods provided to each larval stage under standard rearing conditions (standard ration). MBD particle size preference increased with increasing larval development. Highest ingestion rates by Zoea I, Zoea III, Zoea V and Megalopa were found for particle size ranges of <150, 150–250, 250–400 and 400–600 μm, respectively. MBD within these particle size ranges were used in subsequent experiments to assessed optimum rations for each of the four larval stages. Larvae were fed rations based on multiples or fractions of the standard ration (100%): 12.5%, 25%, 50%, 100%, 200% and 300%. There were no significant increases in ingestion, for any of the four larval stages, when ration was increased above 100%. For Zoea I, Zoea III and Zoea V larvae, there was no significant difference in the rate of MBD ingestion when ration was reduced to 50%; however, a 25% ration brought about a significant decrease in ingestion. There was no significant decrease in the rate of ingestion by Megalopa when ration was reduced from 100% to either 50%, 25% or 12.5%. The results suggest that rations currently used for larval rearing of S. serrata may be excessive. Little is currently known of the feeding behaviour and nutritional requirements of S. serrata larvae, and the results of this study are a significant development in this field.

Item ID: 925
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-5622
Keywords: mud crab, Scylla serrata, larvae, microbound diet, particle size, feeding ration
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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