Community-based marine resource management in Fiji – from yesterday to tomorrow

Muehlig-Hofmann, Annette, Veitayaki, Joeli, Polunin, Nicholas V.C., Stead, Selina, and Graham, Nicholas (2006) Community-based marine resource management in Fiji – from yesterday to tomorrow. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium 2004 (1) pp. 1259-1266. From: 10th International Coral Reef Symposium 2004, 28 June - 2 July 2004, Okinawa, Japan.

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There are various ways in which local communities are, and can become more, involved in reef management. Attempts have been made to comprehensively highlight successes and failures, but with little rigorous assessment of what the conditions of long-term success are. Fiji represents a unique case because its customary fishing-rights areas (qoliqoli) constitute a form of dual ownership, establishing a connection between indigenous owners and central government for management purposes. However, this so-called cooperative co-management approach has not been uniform across Fiji; different levels of government- and communityinvolvement are present, and the approach has been a source of confusion and disputes. One issue is whether ‘ownership’ of the qoliqoli should include both the marine resources and the seafloor, the latter being currently owned by the state. This review takes a critical look at issues of ‘traditional conservation’, origins of the existing qoliqoli system, perceptions of it by the people primarily concerned, the forces driving its evolution and its impact on marine resource use. It sheds light on and explores the boundaries of 'co-management' in Fiji, and assesses previous efforts to find a way forward. It shows that without organising its forces, Fiji will not be able to maintain its natural marine resources.

Item ID: 8876
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
Keywords: Fiji; community; marine resources; qoliqoli; ownership; co-management; ICRS10
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Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2010 04:17
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 40%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960506 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments @ 100%
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