Mycobacteria precipitate SLE-like syndrome in diabetes prone NOD mice

Baxter, A G, Horsfall, A C, Healey, D, Ozegbe, P, Day, S, Williams, D G, and Cooke, A (1994) Mycobacteria precipitate SLE-like syndrome in diabetes prone NOD mice. Immunology, 83 (2). pp. 227-231.

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Non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop organ-specific autoimmunity and are widely used as a model for diabetes. Aged NOD mice also exhibit some features of non-organspecific autoimmune rheumatic disease such as anti-nuclear antibodies and late-onset haemolytic anaemia. Here, we report that a single dose of 2-6 x 107 heat-killed bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) i.v. in 8-week-old NOD mice prevented diabetes but precipitated a syndrome similar to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Treated mice developed haemolytic anaemia, anti-DNA and anti-Sm anti-nuclear autoantibodies and an increased severity of sialadenitis. Perivascular lymphocytic infiltration in the kidneys and glomerular immune complex deposition were also found. The action of BCG appeared to be mediated by an adjuvant-like activity as treated mice showed a substantial increase in reticuloendothelial cell function and enhanced antigen presentation capacity.

Item ID: 8432
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2567
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Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2010 04:18
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110703 Autoimmunity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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