CD1d-restricted NKT cells: an interstrain comparison

Hammond, Kirsten J. L., Pellicci, Daniel G., Poulton, Lynn D., Naidenko, Olga V., Scalzo, Anthony A., Baxter, Alan G., and Godfrey, Dale I. (2001) CD1d-restricted NKT cells: an interstrain comparison. Journal of Immunology, 167. pp. 1164-1173.

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CD1d-restricted Va14-Ja281 invariant abTCR1 (NKT) cells are well defined in the C57BL/6 mouse strain, but they remain poorly characterized in non-NK1.1-expressing strains. Surrogate markers for NKT cells such as abTCR1CD42CD82 and DX51CD31 have been used in many studies, although their effectiveness in defining this lineage remains to be verified. Here, we compare NKT cells among C57BL/6, NK1.1-congenic BALB/c, and NK1.1-congenic nonobese diabetic mice. NKT cells were identified and compared using a range of approaches: NK1.1 expression, surrogate phenotypes used in previous studies, labeling with CD1d/a-galactosylceramide tetramers, and cytokine production. Our results demonstrate that NKT cells and their CD4/CD8-defined subsets are present in all three strains, and confirm that nonobese diabetic mice have a numerical and functional deficiency in these cells. We also highlight the hazards of using surrogate phenotypes, none of which accurately identify NKT cells,and one in particular (DX51CD31) actually excludes these cells. Finally, our results support the concept that NK1.1 expression may not be an ideal marker for CD1d-restricted NKT cells, many of which are NK1.1-negative, especially within the CD41 subset and particularly in NK1.1-congenic BALB/c mice.

Item ID: 8393
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1550-6606
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Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2010 00:25
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110703 Autoimmunity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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