Effects of pessimism and exploratory style on development of anger in children

Boman, Peter, Smith, Douglas C., and Curtis, David (2003) Effects of pessimism and exploratory style on development of anger in children. School Psychology International, 24 (1). pp. 80-94.

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In this project 102 students in their first year of high school responded to questionnaires assessing their levels of dispositional optimism and pessimism, explanatory style and anger in relation to the school setting. A Partial Least Squares (PLS) path analysis examined relationships among these variables. Male students with helpless explanatory styles were more likely to resort to destructive school behaviour. Male students with a pessimistic disposition were also more likely to report higher levels of school hostility and destructive school behaviour. For females, helpless explanatory style and dispositional pessimism were related but the overall level of anger intensity did not appear to relate to destructive and aggressive behaviour. Overall the results suggest that anger manangement programs focusing on cognitive re-structuring and related strategies can be a powerful means for reducing aggressive behaviours at school. The content and specific focus of such programs, however, may vary depending upon participants' gender and other considerations.

Item ID: 839
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1461-7374
Keywords: Anger, Development, Optimism, Pessimism
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© 2003 Sage Publications : This journal is available online - use hypertext links above.

Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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