The health impact of tourism on local and Indigenous populations in resource-poor countries

Bauer, Irmgard (2008) The health impact of tourism on local and Indigenous populations in resource-poor countries. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 6 (5). pp. 276-291.

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In the vast Travel Health literature there is still a considerable dearth on tourism’s impact on local communities. This review attempts to remedy the situation. Its focus is on potential health impacts on populations living at tourist destinations outside the industrialised world. To facilitate a better understanding of how health is linked to tourism today, a brief overview of the historical and theoretical evolution of tourism is presented. Ecotourism is given special attention as it is perceived as a version of the industry that is more benign on environment and people. After discussing Indigenous Tourism, a variety of potential health implications is outlined. These follow a previously suggested classification of indirect and direct impacts, with the indirect impacts being based on economic, environmental, socio-cultural and, more recently, political impacts, and the direct impacts originating from immediate encounters between tourism and people. Finally, the urgent need for more research is highlighted, and some solutions to minimize health impact are suggested.

Item ID: 8356
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-0442
Keywords: Indigenous health; developing countries; host communities; local residents; ecotourism; community development
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Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2010 03:05
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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