Using competition for plasma donor recruitment and retention: An Australian university case study

Bryant, Jack, Woolley, Torres, Sen Gupta, Tarun, and Chell, Kathleen (2024) Using competition for plasma donor recruitment and retention: An Australian university case study. Vox Sanguinis, 119 (2). pp. 155-165.

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Background and Objectives: Using evidence from one Australian university's participation in the Vampire Cup (an 8-week national inter-university blood donation competition), this study aimed to (1) understand important motivators and successful promotional strategies driving engagement in the competition, and (2) determine the impact of competition on the recruitment and retention of young adult plasma donors.

Materials and Methods: We used a sequential explanatory mixed-methods design involving a self-administered survey (Study 1, n = 64) and four focus groups (Study 2, n = 20) with plasma donors aged 18–29 years who participated in the 2021 Vampire Cup. Also, we used a 12-month prospective comparative cohort analysis (Study 3) of those who did (n = 224 ‘competition donors’) and did not (n = 448 control group) present to donate for the Vampire Cup.

Results: Competition was a strong motivator, with 76% of survey participants donating to help their university win the Vampire Cup. The survey and focus groups suggested that successful engagement in the competition was due to peer-led recruitment, leveraging existing rivalries at both the inter- and intra-university level, and using prize draws to create an active online social community promoting blood donation. Competition donors donated plasma significantly more often during the competition but donated at similar rates after the competition, compared to the control group.

Conclusion: Rivalry-based competition strategies, combined with enthusiastic team leaders and an active social media community, can help to recruit, and retain, young adult plasma donors, and motivate an intermittent boost to donation frequency over a short period each year.

Item ID: 81571
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1423-0410
Keywords: competition, plasma donor, recruitment, retention
Copyright Information: © 2023 International Society of Blood Transfusion.
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2024 01:19
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420305 Health and community services @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200299 Evaluation of health and support services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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