Initial validation of the powered mobility device autonomy residential screen (PoMoDARS)

Dickson, Natalie C., Gohil, Apeksha R., and Unsworth, Carolyn A. (2024) Initial validation of the powered mobility device autonomy residential screen (PoMoDARS). Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: The Powered Mobility Device Autonomy Residential Screen (PoMoDARS) is a new tool to enable clinicians to screen resident capacity and performance skills for powered mobility device (PMD) use in residential aged care settings. The PoMoDARS is context specific, time efficient and promotes resident autonomy and safety.

Aims: To (i) undertake initial face and content validation of the PoMoDARS, and (ii) use the research findings to make any modifications.

Methods: A mixed-methods study design, underpinned by Classical Test Theory. Eight clinicians completed 20 PoMoDARS screens and provided both quantitative and qualitative feedback on item importance and ease of use within a formal interview.

Results: Initial face and content validity of the PoMoDARS were supported, with small modifications made to item descriptors and instructions.

Conclusions: The PoMoDARS has been developed for use in residential aged care settings to screen resident PMD use. While initial validation has been undertaken, further studies to determine the reliability of the tool and continue the validation process are required.

Significance: Older adults in residential aged care facilities benefit greatly from the autonomy gained through PMD use. The PoMoDARS promotes collaboration between occupational therapists, nurses, and the wider team to support residents and safe PMD use.

Item ID: 81241
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1651-2014
Keywords: Aged care, facility, motorised mobility scooter, nursing assessment, occupational therapy, older adult, power wheelchair, risk management, technology
Copyright Information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2024 22:47
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4201 Allied health and rehabilitation science > 420104 Occupational therapy @ 70%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420301 Aged health care @ 30%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200301 Allied health therapies (excl. mental health services) @ 60%
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200403 Disability and functional capacity @ 20%
20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200502 Health related to ageing @ 20%
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