Melts from hydrous depleted back-arc mantle at a young boninitic volcano on the flank of Valu Fa Ridge (Lau basin, SW Pacific)

Myeong, Bora, Regelous, Marcel, Haase, Karsten M., Lim, Hoseong, and Park, Jongkyu (2023) Melts from hydrous depleted back-arc mantle at a young boninitic volcano on the flank of Valu Fa Ridge (Lau basin, SW Pacific). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 178 (10). 70.

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Volcano S3 is a young seamount located ~ 5 km east of the Valu Fa Ridge (VFR) in the Lau Basin, which has erupted boninitic lavas. We present new data for whole-rock compositions, minerals and olivine‐hosted melt inclusions, and propose a new model for low-Si boninite (LSB) petrogenesis in a subduction-related setting. The whole-rock compositions reflect mixing of less primitive melt with variable amounts (~ 30%) of minerals, whereas quenched glass compositions result from (~ 60%) crystal fractionation of a primitive boninitic magma which is preserved as melt inclusions hosted in olivine crystals. The compositions of primitive olivine and spinel from S3 are more refractory than those from MORB and back-arc basin (BAB) lavas. Lower Fe8 and Na8 values of S3 than those of BAB lavas reflect melting of relatively depleted mantle at high temperature and low pressure. The mantle beneath S3, and the adjacent VFR and Ata is more depleted than those of BAB located further from the arc, and S3 and Ata lavas have similar slab input (~ 1%). The geochemical differences between S3 and BAB lavas imply that the boundary between dry and wet mantle is located beneath VFR. We suggest that a vertical mantle flow beneath VFR brings depleted mantle containing slab components from deeper within the wedge. This depleted and wet mantle probably experienced a high degree of partial melting at low pressure to form LSB magmas beneath S3. The LSB lavas can be formed at back-arc spreading centers which are located close enough to an active arc.

Item ID: 80846
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-0967
Keywords: Crustal thickness, Low-Si boninite, Off-axis seamount, Partial melting, Refractory mantle, Subduction input
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2023
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2024 22:49
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3706 Geophysics > 370608 Petrophysics and rock mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280107 Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences @ 100%
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