A hidden problem: peripheral artery disease in women

Kavurma, Mary M., Boccanfuso, Lauren, Cutmore, Carina, Passam, Freda, Patel, Sanjay, Hennessy, Annemarie, Loa, Jacky, Figtree, Gemma A., Golledge, Jonathan, Robinson, David A., and Aitken, Sarah (2023) A hidden problem: peripheral artery disease in women. European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, 9 (4). pp. 342-350.

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Abstract

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) has a huge social and economic burden and is an important contributor to the global health burden. Sex differences in PAD are apparent, with recent data suggesting equal if not greater prevalence in women, and women having worse clinical outcomes. Why this occurs is not clear. To identify underlying reasons for gender inequalities in PAD, we executed a deeper exploration through a social constructive perspective. A scoping review was conducted using the World Health Organization model for analysis of gender-related needs in healthcare. Complex interacting factors, including biological, clinical, and societal variables, were reviewed to highlight gender-related inequities in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of PAD. Current gaps in knowledge were identified and insights into future directions aimed at improving these inequalities were discussed. Our findings highlight the multi-level complexities that need to be considered for strategies to improve gender-related needs in PAD healthcare.

Item ID: 79506
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2058-1742
Keywords: Gender, Peripheral artery disease, Socioeconomic pathways
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2024 01:12
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 70%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified @ 0%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420299 Epidemiology not elsewhere classified @ 30%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200509 Women's and maternal health @ 100%
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