An examination of tourists' pre-trip motivational model using push–pull theory: Melbourne as a case study

Soldatenko, Daria, Zentveld, Elisa, and Morgan, Damian (2023) An examination of tourists' pre-trip motivational model using push–pull theory: Melbourne as a case study. International Journal of Tourism Cities. (In Press)

[img] PDF (Publisher Accepted Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website:


Purpose – To succeed in a competitive tourist market and attract more foreign tourists, it is essential to have a clear understanding of what travellers are seeking and endeavour to meet those needs, as well as key influential factors in their travel decision-making process. The purpose of the study is to develop and examine tourists’ pre-trip motivational model using the push–pull theory.

Design/methodology/approach – A tourists' pre-trip motivational model was developed and then tested based on a sample of 320 Chinese and non-Chinese visitors to Melbourne, Australia, to assess the suitability of the new model. Data were analysed by descriptive and inferential statistical techniques, such as principal component analysis and independent T-tests.

Findings – The analysis revealed statistically significant differences between studied samples in terms of the push and pull factors. In comparison with non-Chinese tourists, Chinese visitors to Melbourne assigned higher importance to resting and relaxing opportunities, family-oriented activities, as well as safety and a high level of service. The identified differences should be reflected in marketing and promotional activities provided to Chinese and non-Chinese travellers.

Practical implications – The study provides useful information for Destination Marketing Organisations in tourism cities wanting to develop specifically customised tourist products, services and promotion programs tailored to each market.

Originality/value – The proposed extended push–pull model represents a holistic and complex model of the travel decision-makong process with the multiple linkages between motivations for travelling, preferences of destination attributes, information source usage, trip expectations, possible constraints for travelling and evaluation of destination choice criteria. Understanding all these factors, their relationship and their influence on the final destination choice is a prerequisite for effective and successful actions on attraction and retention of visitors for all tourist destinations. The developed tourists’ pre-trip motivational model may be used as a conceptual framework to guide subsequent motivational studies in tourism.

Item ID: 79441
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2056-5615
Keywords: Pre-trip motivational model, Motivation, City tourism destination, Destination marketing, Push and pull theory, Destination Marketing Organisation, DMO
Copyright Information: © International Tourism Studies Association
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2023 01:29
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3508 Tourism > 350804 Tourism marketing @ 100%
SEO Codes: 11 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 1104 Tourism services > 110499 Tourism services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page