Reproductive performance and offspring quality of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis (H. Milne-Edwards) females fed an optimized formulated diet and the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta

Wu, Xugan, Cheng, Yongxu, Zeng, Chaoshu, Liying, Sui, Southgate, Paul, Zhou, Gang, and Bian, Wenji (2009) Reproductive performance and offspring quality of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis (H. Milne-Edwards) females fed an optimized formulated diet and the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta. Aquaculture Research, 40 (12). pp. 1335-1349.

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Abstract

After feeding female Eriocheir sinensis on an optimized formulated diet or fresh razor clam Sinonovacula constricta for 7 months, their reproductive performance and o¡spring quality were compared. To evaluate diet nutrient contents, the proximate, fatty acid and amino acid compositions of the formulated diet and the razor clam were analysed. The nutritional value of the diets was determined by assessing survival, gonadosomatic index (GSI) and hepatosomatic index (HSI) of female crabs from both diet treatments, together with the percentage of females that spawned, total egg production per female and fecundity (number of eggs g1 female wet weight). Furthermore, the quality of eggs and newly hatched larvae fromthe two dietary treatments were determined using the following parameters: egg diameter, wet weight and dry weight, hatchability, proximate and fatty acid pro¢le of eggs, larval carapace length, resistant to starvation and osmotic shock, larval survival and development to the zoea II stage. Higher protein, phospholipids (PL) and amino acids (AA) contents were found in the razor clam while the formulated diet contains higher levels of ash, total lipid (TL) and 18:1n-9, 18:2n-6 and 22:6n-3 fatty acids. Although female crabs fed the two di¡erent diets showed similar reproductive performances, newly hatched zoea I larvae produced by the crabs fed the formulated diet had signi¢cantly longer mean carapace length and shorter development time to the zoea II stage under identical culture condition (Po0.05). Moreover, dietary fatty acid appeared to have more signi¢cant e¡ects on the fatty acid composition of the hepatopancreas than it did on mature ovaries or eggs. This suggests that the fatty acid proofile of mature ovaries is indicative of the specific fatty acid required for ovarian development in E. sinensis. In conclusion, our results show that the optimized formulated diet developed in this laboratory can totally replace the razor clam, a broodstock food widely used in E. sinensis hatcheries in China. This encouraging result should facilitate more reliable hatchery production of this important aquaculture species.

Item ID: 7944
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2109
Keywords: Eriocheir sinensis; reproductive performance; offspring quality; broodstock diet; fatty acid composition; marine science; AFDC
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2010 00:45
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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