Early Sexual Debut and Its Associated Factors Among Young Women Aged 15–24 in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis

Asare, Bernard Yeboah Asiamah, Zegeye, Betregiorgis, Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku, Ameyaw, Edward Kwabena, Seidu, Abdul-Aziz, and Yaya, Sanni (2023) Early Sexual Debut and Its Associated Factors Among Young Women Aged 15–24 in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior. (In Press)

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-023-02591...


Early sexual debut is associated with increased risk of several sexual and reproductive health problems, including unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. Hence, determining factors that promote early sexual initiation is significant to guide policy and inform interventions aimed to promote the health of young people through to adulthood. This study examined the prevalence of early sexual debut and its associated factors among young women in Mali. Using cross-sectional nationally representative data from the 2018 Mali Demographic and Health Survey, a total of 4063 young women aged 15–24 were included in the study. Multilevel binary logistic regression analysis was done to determine the factors associated with early sexual debut. The results were presented using adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The prevalence of early sexual debut in Mali was 17.8% (95% CI; 16–19.7%). Young women who attended higher school had lower odds of early sexual debut (aOR = 0.10, 95% CI; 0.01–0.82) compared to young women who had no formal education. Young women from richest households had lower odds of early sexual debut compared to those from the poorest households (aOR = 0.48, 95% CI; 0.27–0.82). Young women from households with large family size also had lower odds of experiencing early sexual debut compared to those in small family size (aOR = 0.81, 95% CI; 0.66–0.99). Furthermore, the odds of early sexual debut were lower among young women in Koulikoro (aOR = 0.59, 95% CI; 0.39–0.90), Sikasso (aOR = 0.35, 95% CI; 0.21–0.56), Segou (aOR = 0.40, 95% CI; 0.25–0.64), and Mopti (aOR = 0.44, 95% CI; 0.23–0.82) regions compared to young women in Kayes region. Higher odds of early sexual debut were found among currently employed compared to not currently employed young women (aOR = 1.74, 95% CI; 1.42–2.12) and currently married compared to not currently married young women (aOR = 4.64, 95% CI; 3.64–5.92). Young women from the Peulh ethnic groups compared to those from the Bambara ethnic groups were at a higher odds of early sexual debut (aOR = 1.43, 95% CI; 1.03–1.99). The findings suggest the need for interventions aimed at addressing early sexual debut among young women. These can include emphasizing the promotion and importance of female education, addressing the cultural practices that promote negative sexual norms/practices such as child marriages, and ensuring social change through efforts such as creating employment or economic opportunities for families.

Item ID: 79065
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-2800
Keywords: Early sexual debut, Mali, Risky sexual behavior, Sexual initiation, Young women
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2023.
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2023 23:21
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page