An Innovative Approach for Energy Transition in China? Chinese National Hydrogen Policies from 2001 to 2020

Yuan, Yiqi, and Tan-Mullins, May (2023) An Innovative Approach for Energy Transition in China? Chinese National Hydrogen Policies from 2001 to 2020. Sustainability, 15 (2). 1265.

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Abstract

To accelerate clean energy transition, China has explored the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier since 2001. Until 2020, 49 national hydrogen policies were enacted. This paper explores the relevance of these policies to the development of the hydrogen industry and energy transition in China. We examine the reasons, impacts, and challenges of Chinese national hydrogen policies through the conceptual framework of Thomas Dye’s policy analysis method and the European Training Foundation’s policy analysis guide. This research provides an ex-post analysis for previous policies and an ex-ante analysis for future options. We argue that the energy supply revolution and energy technology revolution highlight the importance of hydrogen development in China. Particularly, the pressure of the automobile industry transition leads to experimentation concerning the application of hydrogen in the transportation sector. This paper also reveals that hydrogen policy development coincides with an increase in resource input and has positive spill over effects. Furthermore, we note that two challenges have impeded progress: a lack of regulations for the industry threshold and holistic planning. To address these challenges, the Chinese government can design a national hydrogen roadmap and work closely with other countries through the Belt and Road Initiative.

Item ID: 78615
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2071-1050
Keywords: Chinese national hydrogen policies, energy transition, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, hydrogen industry
Copyright Information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.orglicenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2023 03:09
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4008 Electrical engineering > 400803 Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics) @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 17 ENERGY > 1708 Renewable energy > 170899 Renewable energy not elsewhere classified @ 50%
18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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