Assessment of artificial intelligence (AI) reporting methodology in glioma MRI studies using the Checklist for AI in Medical Imaging (CLAIM)

Bhandari, Abhishta, Scott, Luke, Weilbach, Manuela, Marwah, Ravi, and Lasocki, Arian (2023) Assessment of artificial intelligence (AI) reporting methodology in glioma MRI studies using the Checklist for AI in Medical Imaging (CLAIM). Neuroradiology, 65. pp. 907-913.

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Purpose: The Checklist for Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging (CLAIM) is a recently released guideline designed for the optimal reporting methodology of artificial intelligence (AI) studies. Gliomas are the most common form of primary malignant brain tumour and numerous outcomes derived from AI algorithms such as grading, survival, treatment-related effects and molecular status have been reported. The aim of the study is to evaluate the AI reporting methodology for outcomes relating to gliomas in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the CLAIM criteria.

Methods: A literature search was performed on three databases pertaining to AI augmentation of glioma MRI, published between the start of 2018 and the end of 2021

Results: A total of 4308 articles were identified and 138 articles remained after screening. These articles were categorised into four main AI tasks: grading (n= 44), predicting molecular status (n= 50), predicting survival (n= 25) and distinguishing true tumour progression from treatment-related effects (n= 10). The average CLAIM score was 20/42 (range: 10–31). Studies most consistently reported the scientific background and clinical role of their AI approach. Areas of improvement were identified in the reporting of data collection, data management, ground truth and validation of AI performance.

Conclusion: AI may be a means of producing high-accuracy results for certain tasks in glioma MRI; however, there remain issues with reporting quality. AI reporting guidelines may aid in a more reproducible and standardised approach to reporting and will aid in clinical integration.

Item ID: 78542
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1920
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Deep learning, Glioma, Machine learning, Quality
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2023, corrected publication 2023. Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2023 01:52
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4003 Biomedical engineering > 400304 Biomedical imaging @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200101 Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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