Ghana's Adherence to PASCAR's 10-Point Action Plan towards Hypertension Control: A Scoping Review

Sambah, Francis, Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S., Seidu, Abdul-Aziz, Malau-Aduli, Aduli E.O., and Emeto, Theophilus I. (2023) Ghana's Adherence to PASCAR's 10-Point Action Plan towards Hypertension Control: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (2). 1425.

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The continuous increase in the prevalence of hypertension in Ghana has led to various interventions aimed at controlling the disease burden. Nonetheless, these interventions have yielded poor health outcomes. Subsequently, the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR), established a 10-point action plan for inclusion in policies to aid control of hypertension. This scoping review assessed the adherence of health policies to the 10-point action plan towards hypertension control/reduction in Ghana. Eight health policies met the inclusion criteria and were assessed. The programme evaluation and policy design framework were used for synthesis and analysis of extracted data. Overall, there was poor adherence to hypertension control observed in the policies. Specifically, there were low levels of integrating hypertension control/reduction measures, a poor task-sharing approach, and poor financial resource allocations to tackle hypertension control/reduction in most of the policies. There was also low support for research to produce evidence to guide future interventions. For Ghana to achieve the global target of reducing hypertension by the year 2025, its health policies must adhere to evidence-based interventions in hypertension management/control. The study recommends a follow-up study among hypertension patients and healthcare professionals to evaluate the factors militating against hypertension management/control in Ghana.

Item ID: 78043
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1660-4601
Keywords: Ghana, health policies, hypertension, scoping review
Copyright Information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 03:54
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420311 Health systems @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420605 Preventative health care @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200206 Health system performance (incl. effectiveness of programs) @ 35%
20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200202 Evaluation of health outcomes @ 35%
20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200302 Community health care @ 30%
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