An integrated simulation–optimization framework for assessing environmental flows in rivers

Sedighkia, Mahdi, badrzadeh, Nasrin, Fathi, Zeynab, Abdoli, Asghar, and Datta, Bithin (2023) An integrated simulation–optimization framework for assessing environmental flows in rivers. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 195 (2). 292.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


The present study proposes an integrated simulation–optimization framework to assess environmental flow by mitigating environmental impacts on the surface and ground water resources. The model satisfies water demand using surface water resources (rivers) and ground water resources (wells). The outputs of the ecological simulation blocks of river ecosystem and the ground water level simulation were utilized in a multiobjective optimization model in which six objectives were considered in the optimization model including (1) minimizing losses of water supply (2) minimizing physical fish habitat losses simulated by fuzzy approach (3) minimizing spawning habitat losses (4) minimizing ground water level deterioration simulated by adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system(ANFIS) (5) maximizing macroinvertebrates population simulated by ANFIS (6) minimizing physical macrophytes habitat losses. Based on the results in the case study, ANFIS-based model is robust for simulating key factors such as water quality and macroinvertebrate’s population. The results demonstrate the reliability and robustness of the proposed method to balance environmental requirements and water supply. The optimization model increased the percentage of environmental flow in the drought years considerably. It supplies 69% of water demand in normal years, while the environmental impacts on the river ecosystem are minimized. The proposed model balances the portion of using surface water and ground water in water supply considering environmental impacts on both sources. Using the proposed method is recommendable for optimal environmental management of surface water and ground water in river basin scale.

Item ID: 78019
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-2959
Keywords: Environmental flow, Ground water level, Macroinvertebrates population, Optimization, Physical habitats
Copyright Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2023 21:22
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180308 Surface water quantification, allocation and impact of depletion @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 432
Last 12 Months: 17
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page