Effects of levothyroxine on pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism, negative for thyroid peroxidase antibodies

Nazarpour, Sima, Ramezani Tehrani, Fahimeh, Simbar, Masoumeh, Tohidi, Maryam, Minooee, Sonia, Rahmati, Maryam, and Azizi, Fereidoun (2018) Effects of levothyroxine on pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism, negative for thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 103 (3). pp. 926-935.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2017-01850


Context: Currently, there is no consensus on universal thyroid screening and levothyroxine (LT4) treatment of pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) who are negative for thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb−).

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the benefits of LT4 treatment on pregnancy outcomes in SCH-TPOAb− women.

Design: This study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Thyroid and Pregnancy Study. A single-blind randomized clinical trial was undertaken in pregnant women who were SCH-TPOAb−.

Setting: Prenatal care centers of the Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

Patients: Using the thyrotropin (TSH) cut point of 2.5 mIU/L, 366 SCH-TPOAb− and 1092 euthyroid TPOAb− women were recruited.

Intervention: SCH-TPOAb− women were randomly assigned to two groups: group A (n = 183) who were treated with LT4 and group B (n = 183) who received no treatment. A total of 1,028 euthyroid TPOAb− women served as the control group (group C).

Main Outcome Measure: The primary outcome was the rate of preterm delivery.

Results: Using the TSH cutoff of 2.5 mIU/L, no significant difference in preterm delivery was observed between groups A and B [relative risk (RR): 0.86; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.47 to 1.55; P = 0.61]. However, log-binomial model analysis based on a cut point of 4.0 mIU/L demonstrated a significantly lower rate of preterm delivery in LT4-treated women compared with those who received no treatment (RR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.15 to 0.98; P = 0.04).

Conclusions: Despite no beneficial effect of LT4 therapy in reducing preterm delivery in SCH-TPOAb− women with a TSH cut point of 2.5 to 4 mIU/L, LT4 could precisely decrease this complication using the newly recommended cutoff ≥4.0 mIU/L.

Item ID: 77746
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1945-7197
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Endocrine Society
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 02:02
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320208 Endocrinology @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3215 Reproductive medicine > 321502 Obstetrics and gynaecology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page