Developing an outcomes-based approach to achieving target 3 of the Global Biodiversity Framework

Dudley, Nigel, Robinson, John, Andelman, Sandy, Bingham, Heather, Conzo, Lori Anna, Geldmann, Jonas, Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten, Gurney, Georgina, Hickey, Valerie, Hockings, Marc, Jonas, Harry, Kettunen, Marianne, Marnewick, Daniel, Masozera, Michel, Mitchell, Brent, Parrish, Jeffrey, Redford, Kent, Espinoza, Andrew Rhodes, Russi, Daniela, Salafsky, Nick, Springer, Jenny, Sullivan-Stack, Jenna, Tugendhat, Helen, Watson, James E.M., Wilkie, David, and Woodley, Stephen (2022) Developing an outcomes-based approach to achieving target 3 of the Global Biodiversity Framework. Parks: the international journal of protected areas and coservation, 28 (2). pp. 33-44.

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The draft Global Biodiversity Framework proposes to increase protected areas and OECMs to at least 30 per cent of land and ocean by 2030 (30x30). Such areas are central to conservation, but only if effectively managed and equitably governed. In practice, governments often recognise areas that do not achieve successful outcomes or respect human rights and fail to recognise other effective governance systems. We argue that protected areas and OECMs should only be recognised as fully contributing to 30x30 if they are on track to achieve positive and sustained biodiversity outcomes while respecting human rights. Three principles are important:

• Delivery of positive outcomes relating to biodiversity; • Recognition and respect for rights-holders and stakeholders living in or near the area or dependent on its natural resources; and • Meeting human needs through ecosystem services.

Four levels in making progress towards Target 3 can be distinguished:

1. Areas that are currently fully effective; 2. Areas that are currently partially effective or on track to being effective; 3. Areas that are currently ineffective due to reversible issues; and 4. Areas that are currently and will continue to be ineffective due to irreversible issues.

Some policy implications of this typology, its strengths and weaknesses, and how it might be further developed are discussed.

Item ID: 77596
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2411-2119
Keywords: biodiversity conservation, equity, management effectiveness, OECM, outcomes, protected area
Copyright Information: PARKS is an open access journal and does not charge author fees. The authors of papers retain copyright to their work but grant IUCN a non-exclusive licence to reproduce, adapt and/or modify parts of, or the entirety of Work submitted and to include it in or to turn it into an IUCN Publication (PARKS: the International Journal of Protected Areas and Conservation). Copyright in the published journal resides with IUCN.
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2023 03:35
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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