Long-acting reversible contraceptives use among adolescent girls and young women in high fertility countries in sub-Saharan Africa

Sambah, Francis, Aboagye, Richard GYan, Seidu, Abdul-Aziz, Tengan, Charles Lwanga, Salihu, Tarif, and Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku (2022) Long-acting reversible contraceptives use among adolescent girls and young women in high fertility countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Reproductive Health, 19 (1). 209.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (864kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-022-01494...


Background: Given the instrumental role long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) play in reducing unintended pregnancies, there is a need to understand the factors that predict their use among adolescent girls and young women in high fertility countries. Our study examined the prevalence and predictors of LARCs use among adolescent girls and young women in high fertility countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Materials and methods: We pooled data from the women’s files of the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 2010 to 2020 of the top ten high fertility countries in sub-Saharan Africa, which are part of the DHS programme. The total sample was 5854 sexually active adolescent girls and young women aged 15–24 who were using modern contraceptives at the time of the survey. Descriptive and multilevel logistic regression models were used in the analyses. The results were presented using percentages and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with their respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results: At the descriptive level, the overall prevalence of LARCs utilisation was 17.6% in the ten countries, with the lowest of 1.7% in Angola and the highest of 55.8% in Mali. Adolescent girls and young women who were married had a lower likelihood of LARCs utilisation than those who were never married [AOR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.45, 0.88]. Adolescent girls and young women who wanted no more children had higher odds of LARCs use compared to those who wanted more children [AOR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.09, 2.26]. Adolescent girls and young women with one to three births [AOR = 6.42, 95% CI = 4.27, 9.67], and those with four or more births [AOR = 7.02, 95% CI = 3.88, 12.67] were more likely to use LARCs compared to those who had no children. Countries in sub-Saharan Africa with lower probability of utilizing LARCs were Angola, Niger and Mozambique, whereas adolescent girls and young women in Mali had higher probability of utilizing LARCs.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that LARCs utilisation among adolescent girls and young women is low in high fertility countries in sub-Saharan Africa. To reduce the rates of unplanned pregnancies and induced abortions, it is imperative that adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa are educated on the advantages of utilising LARCs. Additionally, governments, policymakers, and stakeholders in sub-Saharan Africa should raise awareness by executing health promotion measures to enhance the demand for LARCs among adolescent girls and young women. Achieving these would not only prevent unplanned pregnancies and induced abortions, but also help meet the United Nation’s health and well being for all as enshrined in Sustainable Development Goals 3 and 5.

Item ID: 77575
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1742-4755
Keywords: Contraceptive, DHS, Long-acting reversible, Predictors, Sub-Saharan Africa
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2023 01:23
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion @ 60%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4403 Demography > 440302 Fertility @ 40%
Downloads: Total: 96
Last 12 Months: 96
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page