Red cell infusion but not saline is effective for volume expansion in preterm piglets

Eiby, Yvonne A., Wright, Ian M.R., Stark, Michael J., and Lingwood, Barbara E. (2022) Red cell infusion but not saline is effective for volume expansion in preterm piglets. Pediatric Research. (In Press)

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Background: A common first-line treatment for supporting cardiovascular function in preterm infants is volume expansion using saline, but this does not improve outcomes. This study aimed to determine if volume expansion with saline increases blood volume, blood pressure and cerebral oxygenation; and if volume expansion with packed red blood cells (RBC) is more effective. We hypothesized that RBC infusion is more effective than saline for increasing blood volume and maintaining cardiovascular function and cerebral oxygenation.

Methods: Five groups of preterm piglets (98/115d gestation) were infused with saline (10 or 20 mL/kg) or RBC (10 or 20 mL/kg) or no treatment. Blood volume, blood pressure, central venous pressure, heart rate, carotid flow, cerebral oxygenation, arterial pH, base excess, and lactate levels were assessed for 6 h after treatment started.

Results: Both RBC groups had significant increases in blood volume, and improved measures of cardiovascular function, cerebral oxygenation and metabolic acidosis. Saline infusion did not increase blood volume or measures of cardiovascular function, cerebral oxygenation or metabolic acidosis.

Conclusions: The results suggest that the deteriorating cardiovascular function in the hours after birth in preterm piglets, and possibly in premature babies, may be reversed or halted by more effective support of blood volume.

Item ID: 77215
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1530-0447
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to the International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc 2022.
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC APP1127142
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2023 09:03
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321303 Neonatology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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