Effects of Knowledge of Results and Change-Oriented Feedback on Swimming Performance

Doma, Kenji, Engel, Alexander, Connor, Jonathan, and Gahreman, Daniel (2022) Effects of Knowledge of Results and Change-Oriented Feedback on Swimming Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 17 (4). pp. 556-561.

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Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the effect of providing knowledge of results (KR) with, and without, promotion- and change-oriented feedback on repeated-sprint ability in swimmers.

Methods: Twenty-nine male and female swimmers (age = 16 [1] y, height = 1.74 [0.07] m, body mass = 61.0 [8.4] kg) were randomly allocated into 2 different feedback conditions, or a condition without feedback (NoFb), as a crossover, repeated-measures design. In one feedback condition, the swimmers were provided with lap completion times as KR. The other feedback condition was athlete-driven, where the swimmers were asked to estimate their lap completion times, and the investigators responded on whether their actual sprint times were faster (promotion-oriented), slower (change-oriented), or the same.

Results: The results showed significantly faster average completion times during the repeated-sprint swim protocol in the athlete-driven KR (P = .014) and KR condition (P = .023), when compared with the NoFb condition. However, significantly faster best completion time was only found in the KR condition (P = .012), when compared with the NoFb condition. Furthermore, the stroke rate was significantly greater during the athlete-driven KR (P = .009) and KR (P = .021) conditions, when compared with the NoFb condition.

Conclusions: The KR condition exhibited the greatest benefit for improving several swimming performance measures during a repeated-sprint protocol, and the increase in stroke rate may have contributed to this performance enhancement. Thus, it is recommended that swimmers receive lap completion times during repeated-sprint training sessions to optimize training quality.

Item ID: 76875
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1555-0273
Keywords: adolescents, fatigue, subelite, training optimization
Copyright Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 17(4), 556-561. Retrieved Feb 21, 2023, from https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0227. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2023 01:45
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420703 Motor control @ 100%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1306 Sport, exercise and recreation > 130602 Organised sports @ 100%
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