Microeconomic adaptation to severe climate disturbances on Australian coral reefs

Bartelet, Henry A., Barnes, Michele L., and Cumming, Graeme S. (2023) Microeconomic adaptation to severe climate disturbances on Australian coral reefs. Ambio, 52. pp. 285-299.

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Coral reefs are increasingly affected by climate-induced disturbances that are magnified by increasing ocean temperatures. Loss of coral reefs strongly affects people whose livelihoods and wellbeing depend on the ecosystem services reefs provide. Yet the effects of coral loss and the capacity of people and businesses to adapt to it are poorly understood, particularly in the private sector. To address this gap, we surveyed about half (57 of 109) of Australian reef tourism operators to understand how they were affected by and responded to severe impacts from bleaching and cyclones. Reef restoration and spatial diversification were the primary responses to severe bleaching impacts, while for cyclone-impacts coping measures and product diversification were more important. Restoration responses were strongly linked to the severity of impacts. Our findings provide empirical support for the importance of response diversity, spatial heterogeneity, and learning for social-ecological resilience.

Item ID: 76702
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1654-7209
Keywords: Adaptive responses; Climate change; Coral bleaching; Great Barrier Reef; Reef tourism; social-ecological resilience
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Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (ARC), Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DE190101583
Research Data: https://research.jcu.edu.au/data/published/c44a3080960611edb22c156e754c4bda
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2022 04:44
FoR Codes: 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380102 Behavioural economics @ 20%
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380116 Tourism economics @ 30%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4101 Climate change impacts and adaptation > 410103 Human impacts of climate change and human adaptation @ 50%
SEO Codes: 11 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 1104 Tourism services > 110401 Economic issues in tourism @ 50%
19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1901 Adaptation to climate change > 190101 Climate change adaptation measures (excl. ecosystem) @ 50%
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