Flood inundation modelling by a machine learning classifier

Sedighkia, Mahdi, and Datta, Bithin (2023) Flood inundation modelling by a machine learning classifier. ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 29 (5). pp. 652-660.

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The present study proposes and evaluates a machine-learning classifier to simulate the flood inundation area in which adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system was applied to classify the simulated domain into flooded and non-flooded areas. Particle swarm optimization was utilized in the training process of the data-driven model. Moreover, the outputs of simulating floods by the two-dimensional numerical hydraulic model were used in the training and testing process. However, aerial images of observed floods could be used as well. Based on the results in the case study, the proposed data-driven classifier is able to reduce the computational complexities of the flood inundation modelling including runtime and CPU usage. The proposed model is highly reliable and robust for generating maximum flood inundation map in the major floods. The results indicated that the rate of incorrect assessment is less than 7% in all tests. It is recommendable to apply the proposed method in the future flood engineering projects in which numerous simulations of the maximum flooded area are required. The developed model considerably reduces the computational costs in the projects.

Item ID: 76551
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2164-3040
Keywords: adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system, Flood inundation modelling, machine-learning classifier, particle swarm optimization
Copyright Information: © 2022 Indian Society for Hydraulics.
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2023 03:20
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180399 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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