Expert range maps of global mammal distributions harmonised to three taxonomic authorities

Marsh, Charles J., Sica, Yanina V., Burgin, Connor J., Dorman, Wendy A., Anderson, Robert C., del Toro Mijares, Isabel, Vigneron, Jessica G., Barve, Vijay, Dombrowik, Victoria L., Duong, Michelle, Guralnick, Robert, Hart, Julie A., Maypole, J. Krish, McCall, Kira, Ranipeta, Ajay, Schuerkmann, Anna, Torselli, Michael A., Lacher, Thomas, Mittermeier, Russell A., Rylands, Anthony B., Sechrest, Wes, Wilson, Don E., Abba, Agustín M., Aguirre, Luis F., Arroyo-Cabrales, Joaquín, Astúa, Diego, Baker, Andrew M., Braulik, Gill, Braun, Janet K., Brito, Jorge, Busher, Peter E., Burneo, Santiago F., Camacho, M. Alejandra, Cavallini, Paolo, de Almeida Chiquito, Elisandra, Cook, Joseph A., Cserkész, Tamás, Csorba, Gábor, Cuéllar Soto, Erika, da Cunha Tavares, Valeria, Davenport, Tim R.B., Deméré, Thomas, Denys, Christiane, Dickman, Christopher R., Eldridge, Mark D.B., Fernandez-Duque, Eduardo, Francis, Charles M., Frankham, Greta, Franklin, William L., Freitas, Thales, Friend, J. Anthony, Gadsby, Elizabeth L., Garbino, Guilherme S.T., Gaubert, Philippe, Giannini, Norberto, Giarla, Thomas, Gilchrist, Jason S., Gongora, Jaime, Goodman, Steven M., Gursky-Doyen, Sharon, Hackländer, Klaus, Hafner, Mark S., Hawkins, Melissa, Helgen, Kristofer M., Heritage, Steven, Hinckley, Arlo, Hintsche, Stefan, Holden, Mary, Holekamp, Kay E., Honeycutt, Rodney L., Huffman, Brent A., Humle, Tatyana, Hutterer, Rainer, Ibáñez Ulargui, Carlos, Jackson, Stephen M., Janecka, Jan, Janecka, Mary, Jenkins, Paula, Juškaitis, Rimvydas, Juste, Javier, Kays, Roland, Kilpatrick, C. William, Kingston, Tigga, Koprowski, John L., Kryštufek, Boris, Lavery, Tyrone, Lee, Thomas E., Leite, Yuri L.R., Novaes, Roberto Leonan M., Lim, Burton K., Lissovsky, Andrey, López-Antoñanzas, Raquel, López-Baucells, Adrià, MacLeod, Colin D., Maisels, Fiona G., Mares, Michael A., Marsh, Helene, Mattioli, Stefano, Meijaard, Erik, Monadjem, Ara, Morton, F. Blake, Musser, Grace, Nadler, Tilo, Norris, Ryan W., Ojeda, Agustina, Ordóñez-Garza, Nicté, Pardiñas, Ulyses F. J., Patterson, Bruce D., Pavan, Ana, Pennay, Michael, Pereira, Calebe, Prado, Joyce, Queiroz, Helder L., Richardson, Matthew, Riley, Erin P., Rossiter, Stephen J., Rubenstein, Daniel I., Ruelas, Dennisse, Salazar-Bravo, Jorge, Schai-Braun, Stéphanie, Schank, Cody J., Schwitzer, Christoph, Sheeran, Lori K., Shekelle, Myron, Shenbrot, Georgy, Soisook, Pipat, Solari, Sergio, Southgate, Richard, Superina, Mariella, Taber, Andrew B., Talebi, Maurício, Taylor, Peter, Thong Vu Dinh, , Ting, Nelson, Tirira, Diego G., Tsang, Susan, Turvey, Samuel T., Valdez, Raul, Van Cakenberghe, Victor, Veron, Geraldine, Wallis, Janette, Wells, Rod, Whittaker, Danielle, Williamson, Elizabeth A., Wittemyer, George, Woinarski, John, Zinner, Dietmar, Upham, Nathan S., and Jetz, Walter (2022) Expert range maps of global mammal distributions harmonised to three taxonomic authorities. Journal of Biogeography, 49 (5). pp. 979-992.

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Aim: Comprehensive, global information on species' occurrences is an essential biodiversity variable and central to a range of applications in ecology, evolution, biogeography and conservation. Expert range maps often represent a species' only available distributional information and play an increasing role in conservation assessments and macroecology. We provide global range maps for the native ranges of all extant mammal species harmonised to the taxonomy of the Mammal Diversity Database (MDD) mobilised from two sources, the Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW) and the Illustrated Checklist of the Mammals of the World (CMW).

Location: Global.

Taxon: All extant mammal species.

Methods: Range maps were digitally interpreted, georeferenced, error-checked and subsequently taxonomically aligned between the HMW (6253 species), the CMW (6431 species) and the MDD taxonomies (6362 species).

Results: Range maps can be evaluated and visualised in an online map browser at Map of Life ( and accessed for individual or batch download for non-commercial use.

Main conclusion: Expert maps of species' global distributions are limited in their spatial detail and temporal specificity, but form a useful basis for broad-scale characterizations and model-based integration with other data. We provide georeferenced range maps for the native ranges of all extant mammal species as shapefiles, with species-level metadata and source information packaged together in geodatabase format. Across the three taxonomic sources our maps entail, there are 1784 taxonomic name differences compared to the maps currently available on the IUCN Red List website. The expert maps provided here are harmonised to the MDD taxonomic authority and linked to a community of online tools that will enable transparent future updates and version control.

Item ID: 76526
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2699
Keywords: biodiversity, biogeography, conservation planning, GIS, Mammalia, mapping, species distributions
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. Journal of Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2023 00:41
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3104 Evolutionary biology > 310402 Biogeography and phylogeography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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