Analysis on Heat Characteristics for Summer Maize Cropping in a Semi-Arid Region

Wang, Zhiwei, Sun, Weiwei, Liu, Xiaoli, Li, Yangyang, Collins, Brian, Ullah, Najeeb, and Song, Youhong (2022) Analysis on Heat Characteristics for Summer Maize Cropping in a Semi-Arid Region. Agronomy, 12 (6). 1435.

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Heat stress during flowering is a critical limitation for summer maize production. However, the incidence of heat varies with years and locations, and it poses a great risk to successful maize reproduction and kernel setting. Therefore, it is essential to provide a sound quantification of heat occurrence in relation to maize growth and development. Here, we analyzed the characteristics of heat occurrence based on climate data for over 60 years on Huaibei Plain, China. The effective accumulated temperature showed a slight interannual variation. The average maximum temperature (Tmax) during flowering was 32◦C–33◦C, which was approximately 2◦C higher than that over the whole growing season. The probability (P) for the daily Tmax > 33◦C during flowering was closer to 50% and this maximum temperature ranged between 33◦C and 37◦C. The five levels from normal to extreme heat for Tmax were defined. Across the six studied sites, the mild level heat stress accounted for most of incidents (P, 25–50%), followed by moderate (P, 13–25%) and severe (P, 0.5–13%), and the minimum for extreme heat stress (P, 0.5%). Four phases bracketing flowering during maize development were given, i.e., 1 week prior to anthesis, 1 week during anthesis, 1 week for anthesis-silking, and 1week post silking. There was a greater probability for heat stress incidents from anthesis to silking compared to the other developmental stages. Additionally, maize grain yield slightly increased with the increase in Tmax to 33◦C, but it declined as Tmax surpassed 33◦C. In conclusion, the pattern and characteristics of heat stress were quantified bracketing maize flowering. These findings assist to advise summer maize cropping strategies on the semi-arid and semi-humid Huaibei Plain, China or similar climate and cropping regions.

Item ID: 76509
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2073-4395
Keywords: bracketing flowering, cropping risk, heat stress incidents, Zea mays L
Copyright Information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 01:32
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3004 Crop and pasture production > 300403 Agronomy @ 100%
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